LATE, a form of dementia that appears in the oldest-old is often mistaken for Alzheimer's disease, but the brain pathology is very different. The protein TDP-43 appears to play a significant role in the development of LATE. The neurodegenerative disease may progress more gradually than Alzheimer's, but when combined with Alzheimer's disease (a common combination), appears to cause a more rapid decline than either would alone.
A new study reports brain connectivity appears to be dictated by the spatial architecture of neurons, rather than the cell type-specific cues.
People are more confident in decisions, and execute choices more quickly, if they are chasing a reward. However, we become more flexible in our decisions when trying to avoid a negative outcome.
When it comes to the brain, there is "no fixed normal", researchers say.
A new study reveals the quality of the playground experience during recess can have significant impact on a child's emotional well being, behavior and cognition.
Neuroimaging study reveals social learning is represented in the anterior cingulate cortex, while direct learning is represented in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex. The two areas both interact with the striatum, which helps compute both reward prediction error and social prediction error.
Researchers report exposure to sour foods can increase our desire to take a few risks. Risk averse people, such as those with anxiety disorders, could benefit from eating sour tasting foods to help boost risk taking behaviors, such as talking to new people.