Computational models of axonal properties suggest that problems associated with MS, and other demyelinating diseases, may be due more to an imbalance between sodium channels and potassium channels that play a role in the leak current in neuronal membranes, than to the currently targeted sodium channels of most MS drugs.
The first implant to treat vertigo experienced during attacks related to Meniere’s Disease and similar balance disorders will be implanted...
Neurobiologists have genetically engineered mice to smell light. This optogenetics research provides a better understanding of the neural basis of...
Biologists may be able to better peer into living cells according to new research. Using a new variation on Raman spectroscopy, detailed molecular maps of cellular content can be made without damaging the examined cells.
The title of this article may not catch on as a song lyric, but new neurobiology research shows close friends can cause more of a response in brain regions such as the medial prefrontal cortex than strangers can.
Neuroscientists have provided an insight into the neuronal mechanisms involved in prosocial behavior, and how they are modulated by perceived group membership. Researchers suggest that there is a neurobiological basis of whether people chose to help, or withdraw help, based on positive or negative identification of the person in pain.
Brain imaging studies of women with breast cancer before and after chemotherapy treatments show grey matter is being affected during the chemotherapy treatments. Brain areas believed to be critical for multi-tasking, memory and other cognitive functions were seen to change during the chemotherapy.
A study published in October's Cortex has shown young people who regularly play video games have an advantage in performing tasks which require visuomotor skills. The study also found that gamers show increased activity in the prefrontal cortex when asked to perform visuomotor tasks. By contrast, non-gamers had more reliant use of the parietal cortex, an area which involves hand-eye coordination, when performing visuomotor tasks.
Researchers have discovered that children exposed to high levels of manganese in drinking water perform poorly on cognitive tests. The research stated that, on average, children who drink water with more concentrated levels of manganese have an IQ score 6 points lower than children whose drinking water contained little to no manganese.