A new PNAS study reveals why men are less likely to develop multiple sclerosis than women. According to researchers, a 'guardian molecule' that is triggered by testosterone appears to have a protective effect in men. When female mice were treated with the molecule, their symptoms of the disease were eliminated.
The brain displays a similar pattern of activity during dreaming as it does during a psychedelic trip, a new study reports.
Many people who experience traumatic brain injury report a loss of empathy following their injury. Researchers consider how to reconnect those who have a TBI with their feelings of empathy and emotional recognition.
A new study links hippocampal inflammation in multiple sclerosis with an increased risk of developing depression.
Every year, millions of people contend with lower back and neck discomfort. With intent to ease their pain, Cornell University...
Researchers report alpha 7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors enhance communication between the hippocampus and frontal cortex, where as a4b7 nicotinic receptors decrease the communication. The findings may have implications for the way stimulation of acetylcholine can be used to treat dementia.
A Kent State University study reveals the brains of older chimpanzees show similar pathology to Alzheimer's disease in humans.
UCSD has launched a Phase III clinical trial to assess whether tocilizumab (Actemra), a drug commonly prescribed for rheumatoid arthritis and other inflammatory disorders, has therapeutic value for those at risk of developing severe COVID-19 infection. The drug is a monoclonal antibody-based therapy that blocks receptors for interleukin-6, a cytokine that triggers inflammation as an early immune response to coronavirus. Blocking IL-6 could prevent the risk of the COVID-19 associated cytokine storm many with severe infection experience.
A lipid nanocarrier small enough to pass the blood-brain barrier could be an effective method for delivering chemotherapy medications to help fight glioblastoma brain tumors, a new study reports.
Increasing fish consumption could help to lower the risk of developing Parkinson's and other neurodegenerative diseases, researchers report. The study reveals the protein parvalbumin can help to prevent the formation of alpha synuclein.
A new study reports some genetic factors that increase obesity work to lower metabolic risk. 14 genetic variations, researchers report, are linked to higher BMI but lower diabetes risk.