The dorsomedial prefrontal cortex plays a critical role in mapping out personal actions and outcomes as well as responding to the actions of others.
The old adage that practice makes perfect may very well be true, according to neuroscientists. Researchers found when a male zebra finch is in the presence of an attractive female and delivers its rehearsed mating call, a noradrenaline release in the basal ganglia shuts down variability in song and makes the call as perfect as it can be.
The vascular barrier in the choroid plexus locks down access to the brain in response to gut inflammation that causes IBD. The dysregulated activity of the gut-brain vascular axis appears to protect the brain from inflammation. However, the mechanism may increase the risk of both cognitive and mental health problems associated with IBD.
People with higher levels of anxiety have altered perceptions of their breathing compared to those with lower levels of anxiety. The altered perception of respiration can lead to an increase in feelings of anxiety, researchers report.
Fluoxetine, the antidepressant commonly known as Prozac, may be beneficial for the treatment of age-related macular degeneration. Researchers found Prozac significantly slowed the rate at which people over 50 developed AMD.
In order to better understand the role that knowledge serves in human intelligence, it is essential to look beyond the individual and focus studies on the community overall, researchers say.
Glial cells coordinate immune responses in the gut following infection. Researchers report glial cells could be targets for therapeutics to treat inflammatory bowel disorders.
Genetic risk for mental health disorders is associated with brain structure and the occurrence of psychosis-like experiences in children between 9 and 10 years of age.