Neurologists have established new guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of infantile spasms. Infantile spasms is a rare epileptic disorder which typically affects children under the of age 8 months.
New research proposes that academic performance of adolescents is linked to specific dopamine gene variations. Researchers also suggest a correlation exists between the variants of dopaminergic genes a student possesses and performance in specific subject areas.
Scientists have identified two proteins which may have a critical function in biological systems. The proteins, named Piezo1 and Piezo2, have been identified as being involved in cellular response to mechanical stimulation.
Neuroscience researchers suggest that utilizing fMRI studies could help to provide biomarkers for the diagnosis of depression. A recent fMRI study of patients with depression showed marked abnormal activations in the medial prefronal cortex. Researchers believe that by identifying the neurobiological markers for depression, psychiatrists can tailor medications and therapies to suit the needs of individual patients.
Researchers at Carnegie Mellon have examined the function of neuron diversity and discovered that diversity is vital to comprehensive brain function. The study explored how specific neurons process complex stimuli and code information.
A new study published in Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience has proven that moderate exercise can help to enhance connectivity in brain circuits. Additionally, exercise can help to improve cognition and combat decline in brain functions associated with aging.
Researchers at the UTMB, Galveston are calling for traumatic brain injury to be defined and managed as a chronic disease.