Neuroscience researchers suggest that utilizing fMRI studies could help to provide biomarkers for the diagnosis of depression. A recent fMRI study of patients with depression showed marked abnormal activations in the medial prefronal cortex. Researchers believe that by identifying the neurobiological markers for depression, psychiatrists can tailor medications and therapies to suit the needs of individual patients.
Researchers at Carnegie Mellon have examined the function of neuron diversity and discovered that diversity is vital to comprehensive brain function. The study explored how specific neurons process complex stimuli and code information.
Neuroscience researchers have identified a new molecular pathway underlying Parkinson's disease. The pathway involves polyamines, which were discovered to be responsible for increased build-up of other toxic proteins in neurons. The research also suggests polyamine lowering drugs could have a protective effect from Parkinson's disease.
Scientists have identified two proteins which may have a critical function in biological systems. The proteins, named Piezo1 and Piezo2, have been identified as being involved in cellular response to mechanical stimulation.
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University of Houston optometrist finds small reduction in progression of myopia promising. Research by an optometrist at the University of...
Neuroscience researchers have discovered how a structural component within neurons performs coordinated movements when connections are strengthened. Researchers also distinguished two separate steps during long term potentiation which are involved in remodeling the internal "skeletons" of dendritic spines. The research could be influential in providing further understanding of many neurological, cognitive and neurodegenerative diseases.
The planar cell polarity (PCP) signaling pathway appears to play a significant role in the formation and maintenance of a large number of synapses.