The TBK1 gene regulates the disease progression of ALS in mouse models of the neurodegenerative disease. Loss of the TBK1 gene in motor neurons increases SOD1 aggregation and accelerates the onset of the disease.
Darcin, a sex pheromone named after Jane Austen's famous Mr. Darcy, alters cells in the brain's emotional center of female mice, giving them the power to assess sexual readiness and help with mate selection.
Researchers have identified a circuit in the brains of fruit flies, which enables them to see in color. The network is similar to that which allows human color vision. The findings could help in the development of AI technologies.
When fruit flies experience an unexpected change in its surroundings, serotonin produced in the ventral nerve cord slows the insect down. The findings may shed light on the neurobiological mechanisms of human startle response.
Our brains need only perform a few fast statistical calculations to detect the key properties of an unknown object. Findings challenge existing views of how our brains extract and learn about our environment.
MEG neuroimaging implicates the occipital place area (OPA) in our ability to rapidly sense our surroundings. The findings may advance improving machine learning and robotics technology aimed at mimicking visual processes in the human brain.