Gene expression patterns in four regions of the prefrontal cortex are distinctly different in those who have been diagnosed with PTSD compared to those who have not. Major differences were seen in interneurons, which inhibit the immune system and microglia in the central nervous system. Findings shed light on why women are more likely to experience PTSD and compound a link between post-traumatic stress and a dampening of the immune system.
GLP1R neurons play a critical role in initiating the nausea response.
Children as young as four are more willing to make personal sacrifices to punish those who do wrong, especially if they believe the punishment will teach the transgressor a lesson.
Direct carotid puncture is a safe and effective alternative to thrombectomy for stroke patients.
The ability to foster and form secure interpersonal attachments can mitigate some of the genetic risks associated with PTSD.
Gamma interferons, a type of immune cell that induces and modulates several immune system responses, may also play a role in preventing depression.