Findings point to males and females undergo an almost separate, but interconnected evolution.
Ketamine's antidepressant effect is a result of the enhancement of Kcnq2 potassium channels in a certain subtype of glutamate-sensitive neurons.
Researchers report the neural code of the prefrontal cortex is more efficient than the amygdala in both humans and primates. The lower resistance of the amygdala to errors in humans may play a role in exaggerated survival responses, such as those seen in anxiety and PTSD.
c-Fos accumulates in the nucleus of peripheral nerve cells of mouse models of chronic pain. Researchers identified around 30 existing drugs that appear to target the importin alpha-3-c-Fos pathway to help treat chronic pain.
Researchers report helping the immune system clear away old senescent cells in aging mice helped to restore youthful characteristics. The findings could have implications for reversing the effects of aging in humans.
Women who experience unexplained repeated pregnancy loss (uRPL) process olfactory signals related to male body odor differently to other women. Those who experience uRPL are better able to identify the smell of their spouse.
Researchers have developed a sniff test that can detect which patients in a vegetative state following a TBI will regain consciousness.