The human brain can desensitize background motion and focus on smaller moving objects in the foreground as a result of activity in the middle temporal visual area. However, our ability to pick out smaller objects changes over time. Younger people are better at picking out foreground objects moving, while those over 65 have heightened awareness of objects moving in the background.
Prediction errors play a role in the context of dynamic perceptual events that take place within fractions of a second. Findings support the hypothesis that visual perception occurs as a result of a decision process.
Crashes in visual processing occur when neurons processing one image are tasked with processing another too quickly. This results in either one or both images being unable to reach our conscious awareness.