Working with mice, Johns Hopkins researchers say they have figured out how stem cells found in a part of the brain responsible for learning, memory and mood regulation decide to remain dormant or create new brain cells. Apparently, the stem cells “listen in” on the chemical communication among nearby neurons to get an idea about what is stressing the system and when they need to act.
Researchers report the discovery of a crucial part of the biological clock: the wiring that sets its accuracy to within a few minutes out of the 1440 minutes per day. The wiring uses GABA to connect the individual cells of the biological clock in a fast network which changes strength with the time of day.
Researchers have found full genome sequencing by examining the entire DNA code of individuals with ASD and their families. The findings look at the wide range of genetic factors associated with ASD.
VIP interneurons specialize in inhibiting other inhibitory neurons in multiple regions of the cerebral cortex under specific behavioral conditions, a new study shows.
Researchers report on a link between core body temperature and circadian rhythm in mice.
A multiyear study reveals, contrary to expectations, numbers and ratios of three major inhibitory cell types vary stereo-typically across different cortical parts. Additionally, researchers identified 11 subcortical areas with gender specific differences in mice.