Pnoc neurons in the paranigral ventral tegmental area become active when mice seek rewards. Stimulating these neurons with optogenetics promotes avoidance behaviors. Researchers say ventral tegmental area dopamine neuron NOPR expression is necessary to limit reward-seeking behavior.
Dopamine neurons are activated less than in adults brains when teens are faced with the prospect of a reward, a new study reports.
A new study reports chronic nicotine exposure during pregnancy alters the genetics and dopamine neurons of newborns. The findings could help researchers develop a possible cure for nicotine addiction.
Findings have implications for learning methods and memory consolidation.
New research sheds light on why images of enticing food affect us less when we are full.
Researchers have developed a model of schizophrenia that simulates chemical imbalances associated with memory disturbances.
Researchers have mapped out a circuit of neurons responsible for motor impairment in Parkinson's disease patients.
A new study reports brain connectivity appears to be dictated by the spatial architecture of neurons, rather than the cell type-specific cues.