According to researchers, when shifting attention from one spot to another, the brain blinks. They report these blinks are momentary unconscious gaps in visual perception.
Object and facial recognition abilities are associated with the same brain area but are characterized by different depths of cortical layers, which form at the age each ability was acquired.
Researchers report bile acids play a key role in providing positive metabolic effects after weight loss surgery. The study also suggest the intestinal microbiome participates in post surgical improvements following gastric bypass. The findings could help develop new treatments for diabetes and obesity, researchers report.
Using mouse models, researchers found bile diversion surgery reduced cocaine induced increases in dopamine release and cocaine related behaviors. Researchers believe bariatric surgery or the consumption of a synthetic bile drug may help curb cocaine addiction in humans.
A new blood-brain barrier on a chip system is being used to study neuroinflammation, researchers report.
In the absence of neural activity, BDNF expression can still be activated. The findings shed light on how therapeutic ketamine used has an antidepressant effect and how it works in both the long and short term.
A group of neurons located in the basal ganglia appears to play a vital role in cognitive flexibility.
Functional connectivity problems associated with temporal lobe epilepsy appear to improve after surgery.
An increased white blood cell count has been linked to increased depression polygenic scores. The findings highlight the importance of the immune system in the development and severity of depression.