A new neuroimaging study reveals methylphenidate, better known as Ritalin, increases the level of dopamine available in the caudate. Along with increased dopamine levels, researchers also notice greater functional connectivity between the prefrontal cortex, hippocampus and precuneus, three areas of the brain associated with memory and attention.
Researchers report oligodendrocytes may be critical to the remyelination process.
Researchers report a new video game aimed at middle school children can help boost empathy and prosocial behavior. The study reports children exposed to the game showed greater connectivity between brain networks linked to emotional regulation and perspective taking.
Researchers discover differences in the brain's emotional networks between those who do not meditate, novice meditators and those who have practiced meditation for a long time.
By the time typical symptoms of Parkinson's appear and patients are diagnosed with the disease, 60% of people experience significant damage to the heart's connections to the sympathetic nervous system. Researchers have investigated where inflammation and oxidative stress occur in the heart, and how this relates to heart problems associated with Parkinson's.
A new study reveals compassion meditation training may reduce distress when witnessing the suffering of others and improve the ability to respond with compassion.
Using a machine learning algorithm to analyse health records of individuals with autism, researchers have been able to identify both increased and decreased health risks associated with ASD. The study reports autistic adults have increased risk of developing hypothyroidism, cardiovascular disease and other neurological issues. By contrast, those with ASD are at decreased risk of alcohol abuse, hypertension and metastatic cancers.
Researchers report our inner thoughts and interpretations of our experiences have consequences for both physical and mental health.
Renewed, thin myelin sheaths are sufficient to help restore nervous system impairments in diseases like multiple sclerosis, a new study in PNAS reports.
Researchers describe the different facial muscle combinations that help make three types of smiles.