Vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy may explain why males are three times more likely to be diagnosed with ASD than girls. The study reports prenatal vitamin d deficiency increases testosterone in the developing male brain.
Researchers report on the role of the thalamus in perception and reaction to predators.
A new study into human and plant cell apoptosis could provide new avenues for the development of treatments for neurodegenerative diseases, and help develop disease-resistant plants.
Six potential drug candidates have been identified as candidates to treat COVID-19 infections. The drugs, which have previously been subjected to clinical trials for treating a range of conditions, from arthritis to cancer, target Mpro, the main SARS-CoV-2 enzyme.
Nineteen gene sets have been identified that contribute to at least five psychiatric disorders. The gene sets were associated with ADHD, ASD, bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder, and schizophrenia.
NAPRT1, a gene that encodes an enzyme involved in vitamin B3 metabolism, may be a risk factor for schizophrenia. Knocking out the gene in zebrafish models, researchers discovered brain development became impaired. Without NAPRT1, the fish brains failed to divide symmetrically, which is significant as defects in the corpus callosum have been identified in those with schizophrenia.
Researchers identified a specific neural network that positively responds to melatonin following concussion in children. Results suggest melatonin may help compensate for normal brain function that has been interrupted due to injury caused by concussion and helps prevent sleep disturbances.
Researchers report vitamin D levels affect perineuronal nets in the hippocampus. The study found vitamin D deficiency resulted in a significant decline in memory and learning in mouse models.