Study reveals how acetate, a byproduct of alcohol breakdown, travels to the brain's learning system and alters proteins that regulate DNA function.
In aging mice, the number of autophagosomes is significantly decreased, and pronounced defects in the structure of autophagosomes increased. Turning on the WIPI2B protein restores autophagosome formation in aged neurons.
Researchers report a 41% increase in the prescription of opioids for small animals over the past 10 years. The study reports the increase could potentially provide human access to the drugs, fueling the opioid epidemic.
Researchers discovered some protease inhibitors used to treat HIV can lead to the production of the peptide amyloid beta.
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Combining neuroimaging data with artificial intelligence, researchers have identified two distinct neuroanatomical subtypes of schizophrenia. The first, more typical subtype is associated with a lower widespread volume of gray matter compared to healthy controls. In the second subtype, gray matter volume is largely similar to healthy brains.
A new neuroimaging study reveals dehumanization and dislike are processed by two separate brain regions, suggesting there may be two distinct psychological processes at work.
Deleting the circadian rhythm-associated BMAL1 gene in animal models, researchers discovered tissue continued to follow a 24-hour rhythm, even in the absence of external stimuli that can influence the cycle.