People with genetic risks for Alzheimer's disease may exhibit changes in brain structure and reduced performance in cognitive tests long before symptoms of the neurodegenerative disease become obvious.
78% of female prisoners had a history of severe head injury, most of which occurred in the context of domestic violence. 66% of prisoners experienced repeated head injuries spanning several years.
Only 45% of patients with major depressive disorder find benefit from cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). A neuroimaging study reveals those who respond to CBT have greater neural activity in the right striatum and right amygdala pretreatment than those who find little benefit from the treatment. The findings could serve as a biomarker to discover who will respond to CBT.
Lower exposure to UVB rays during pregnancy has been linked to an increased risk of learning disabilities in children. According to the study, lower UVB exposure during the first trimester had a slightly stronger correlation with neurodevelopmental disorders.
The 'Generative Model of 3D Face Identity' is able to reconstruct facial models using information stored in a person's brain when recalling the familiar face of another person.
A mechanism that links exposure to high-fat diets in mice to changes in hypothalamic function which leads to depression has been identified. Saturated fatty acids enter the brain via the bloodstream, where they accumulate and affect key signaling pathways associated with the development of depression.
Listening to music was associated with improvements in memory and cognition while participating in mindfulness improved mood in patients who recently suffered an ischemic stroke. Researchers believe combining the two approaches may enhance both cognition and mood in patients early post-stroke.
Researchers examine the personal writings of Robert Burns, Scotland's national bard, and conclude he may have suffered from bipolar disorder.
Researchers have identified a neural system involved in making decisions based on preference.
A new study reveals multiple parts of the brain are associated with memory processing. Findings could help develop new strategies to treat those with brain injuries.