In the UK, one in 57 children is on the autism spectrum. The number is significantly higher than previously reported. Children from minority backgrounds were up to 38% more likely to be diagnosed with autism. Children with ASD were more likely to also experience social disadvantages.
Removing Piezo1 from the surface of aged brain stem cells caused the cells to become rejuvenated and regain their normal regenerative function.
The optimal amount of sleep for middle-aged and older adults is seven hours per night. Sleeping too little, or too much, was associated with poor cognitive performance and mental health, researchers say.
University of Cambridge researchers report sheep can be trained to recognize different faces from photographs and can identify their handler in a photo without prior training.
A simple smell test could help doctors to identify which patients in a vegetative state will recover. 100% of patients in a vegetative state who reacted to the sniff test went on to regain consciousness. 91% of those were still alive three years post-injury.
Researchers identified several common genetic variants involved in obesity, as well as new genetic regions involved in severe obesity and healthy thinness.
Using data from a smart phone app, researchers discover that even small amounts of physical activity can have a positive impact on happiness.
Contrary to popular belief, people with eating disorders like bulimia nervosa do not lose control and binge eat in response to stressful events.
Researchers argue those with dyslexia are specialized to explore the unknown. This explorative bias has an evolutionary basis that plays a crucial role in human survival.