Mutations in the ASD/intellectual disability genes ADNP and POGZ result in abnormal activation and overexpression of immune response genes and genes for microglia. This results in abnormal brain synaptic function, characteristic of ASD and ID.
Researchers have developed a new, minimally invasive brain stimulation technique that can induce a range of bodily movements. The technique, magneto-thermal stimulation, can be used to target highly specific brain regions and could help researchers to advance brain mapping studies.
Using mini-brains grown in the lab, researchers have discovered schizophrenia likely begins toward the end of the first trimester of fetal development. Researchers believe, based on their findings, schizophrenia could potentially be treated in utero.
According to researchers, marijuana use during pregnancy can result in premature birth and smaller babies with lower birth weight. Additionally, babies of mothers who smoked marijuana during pregnancy tend to be more irritable and easily frustrated in later infancy.