A small cluster of neurons in the brainstem regulates tempo and coordinates vocalization with breathing.
Researchers have identified a second gene that contributes to natural short sleep. Using optogenetics, researchers triggered neurons in the pons that express the ADRB1 gene, rousing mice from sleep. Wakefulness-promoting neurons in the pons with a mutated version of ADRB1 were more easily activated.
A new study adds to growing evidence that concussions can lead to neurodegenerative diseases. Researchers report the likelihood of developing dementia was found to double following a concussion, even when consciousness wasn't lost, in a veteran study.
Patients who experienced cognitive impairments, or brain fog, following COVID-19 infection had abnormalities in their cerebrospinal fluid. Researchers say the overstimulation of the immune system as a result of COVID may be the cause of cognitive deficits.
Study reveals a self-corrective mechanism within synapses that is activated by neurodegeneration and slows disease progression in animal models of ALS.
FDA approves a new drug to treat both relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis and primary progressive MS.
UCSF researchers have developed a new genetic risk factor test that takes into account more than 24 genetic variants, each of which are associated with a small risk of Alzheimer's disease. The researchers say the test is a better method to help identify preclinical Alzheimer's than testing for ApoE4 alone.
Findings about how the speech center is organized and how fluid speech occurs could lead to the development of neuroprosthetics capable of translating thoughts into speech, researchers report.
According to UCSF researchers, during non-REM sleep, newly learned useful neural patterns are replayed and recapped.
Study finds signs of IgA antibodies in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with multiple sclerosis during a flare-up of the disease, but not when the patients are in remission. The findings suggest gut immune cells are involved in relapse episodes of multiple sclerosis.