Study reveals the disruptions in prenatal neurogenesis can increase the risk of autism spectrum disorder. Findings also reveal estrogen can protect against the disruption of neurogenesis and steer the embryonic brain on the course of normal development.
Researchers reveal the area of the brain that controls our voice box, allowing us to alter the pitch of our speech. The insight could pave the way for advancing neuroprosthetics to allow people who can't speak, to express themselves in a naturalistic way.
A newly developed speech neuroprosthesis has restored a voice to a severely paralyzed man. The technology translates signals from the brain to the vocal tracts, generating words on a screen.
Advanced sleep phase may affect as many as one in 300 people, and may be the result of a genetic trait.
A new system translates EEG data into a 3D movie which shows activity in all recorded regions of the brain. The heat map shows where seizures start and spread throughout the patient's brain, in addition to evaluating the speed of activity during a seizure.
Researchers say older adults who feel lonely are twice as likely to use opioids to control pain, and 2.5 times more likely to be prescribed anti-anxiety medications and sedatives than those who have a more socially active lifestyle.
New abortion bans and restrictions could result in life-threatening consequences for women of childbearing age with epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, and migraine due to restrictions placed on their ability to access life-saving medications. Patients in states with strict abortion restrictions are reporting they are unable to access teratogenic drugs to treat their conditions, including methotrexate, as the medications can induce abortion.
DNA markers in cells of patients with major depressive disorder appear to be two years older than markers in cells of people without the mental health disorder.
Researchers have identified a second gene that contributes to natural short sleep. Using optogenetics, researchers triggered neurons in the pons that express the ADRB1 gene, rousing mice from sleep. Wakefulness-promoting neurons in the pons with a mutated version of ADRB1 were more easily activated.
MediTrain, a new app-based program that uses a closed-loop algorithm to tailor the length of meditation sessions to a person's ability, can improve memory and attention in younger people.