People who intentionally hurt others because they believe they are morally right or justified, do not respond rationally to material benefits, a new study reports. Researchers say those who punish others to signal their own "moral goodness" may be more likely to question their claims of moral righteousness when judged negatively by their peers.
Six months following COVID-19 infection, two-thirds of patients still experienced neurological symptoms including headaches, memory impairment, and decreased concentration that impacted their quality of life.
Gene therapy that inhibits targeted nerve cell signals effectively improves symptoms of neuropathic pain without negative side effects in mouse models of spinal cord injury or peripheral nerve damage.
Elevated levels of PHGDH in the blood could signal the earliest stages of Alzheimer's disease. Researchers caution older adults against using "brain-boosting" supplements that contain serine due to its link to PHGDH. As PHGDH is a key enzyme in serine production, elevated PHGDH levels results in increased serine levels in the brain.
A brain organoid study reveals how a genetic mutation associated with Pitt-Hopkins syndrome, a profound form of autism, disrupts neural development. Using gene-editing technology, researchers recovered the function of the TCF4 gene and effectively restored neural structure and function.
A new study sheds light on the movement of neurons throughout the brain during fetal development. Researchers also found the two hemispheres of the human cortex separated earlier in development than previously thought.
Daily vaping of pod-based e-cigarettes alters inflammatory states across multiple organs, including the brain. The effects vary depending upon the vape flavors and influence how the body responds to infections. Mint vapes, for example, leave people more sensitive to the effects of bacterial pneumonia than mango flavoring.
Heavy drinkers and those at risk of alcohol use disorder show reduced communication between brain areas associated with social and emotional processing.
Researchers identified hundreds of new genomic loci that help explain how the brain is shaped.
Overall, women scored higher on compassion-related items and self-reflection, while men scored higher on emotional regulation and cognitive-related items.