According to a new study, siblings of children diagnosed with ASD or ADHD have an increased risk of being diagnosed with the disorders themselves. Researchers found the odds of being diagnosed with ASD were 30 times higher for those who had older siblings with autism, and 3.7 times higher for ADHD diagnosis.
Brain flow occurs when a person participates in an activity that is engaging enough to involve someone to a point of barely being distracted, but not so difficult that the task becomes frustrating. Flow, researchers say, requires high levels of attention.
A distinct DNA methylation signature has been discovered in cord blood of children who are later diagnosed with autism. The findings could provide a new biomarker for early detection and intervention for ASD.
Proactive control is not impaired in those on the autism spectrum. Instead, those with ASD implement proactive control in a unique manner.
Fragile X syndrome patients with prematuration had a much earlier onset of neurological problems, including earlier symptoms of neurodegeneration. They also experienced emotional processing problems. Some of the most common emotional processing disorders reported were mood regulation, anxiety, and psychosis.
Preschool-aged children on the autism spectrum were 2.7 times more likely to experience gastrointestinal problems, including pain, diarrhea, constipation, and vomiting than their typically developing peers. Almost 50% of those with ASD reported frequent GI symptoms, compared to 18% of those without the disorder. 30% of autistic children experienced multiple GI symptoms. Multiple GI problems were associated with sleep and attention problems, as well as self-harm, aggression, and repetitive behaviors in both children with ASD and those not on the autism spectrum.
Earworms, those songs that get stuck in your head, may help strengthen memories of music and life events, a new study reports.
Researchers from UC Davis report pregnant women who take 800 micrograms of folic acid could help lower risks of autism in their children, even when they were exposed to pesticides associated with increasing autism risk.
Increased levels of epoxide hydrolase in the prefrontal cortex were found in the brains of young mice whose mothers had suffered infection during pregnancy. Inhibiting epoxide hydrolase reverses cognitive and social deficits associated with neurodevelopmental disorders, such as ASD.
Study links diabetic ketoacidosis to lower IQ scores and worse memory in children with type 1 diabetes.
Autistic children with traditional anxiety had significantly greater amygdala volume than children without ASD. Those with autism-distinct anxiety had significantly lower amygdala volume.