Increased levels of epoxide hydrolase in the prefrontal cortex were found in the brains of young mice whose mothers had suffered infection during pregnancy. Inhibiting epoxide hydrolase reverses cognitive and social deficits associated with neurodevelopmental disorders, such as ASD.
The way in which an infant visually examines an object may predict a later autism diagnosis, researchers say. Unusual visual inspection of items at 9 months was a strong predictor of an ASD diagnosis later in childhood.
A new study that used rhesus macaques with low levels of sociability revealed the animals had reduced levels of vasopressin in their cerebral spinal fluid, as did children diagnosed with ASD.
Legalization may have reduced the stigma associated with marijuana use in teens, a new study reports.
Scanning the brains of sleeping toddlers, researchers found the hippocampus is activated as memories for new words are formed. The findings suggest the hippocampus plays an important role in the formation of new word memories.
Two new studies shed light on brain development and changes in ASD. Researchers found the development of white matter tracts in the brain was linked to the severity of autism symptoms. Additionally, larger brain size at age 3 was linked to a larger brain size later in childhood.
Children born to mothers who experienced immune disorders during pregnancy, including allergies, asthma, autoimmune diseases, and autoinflammatory syndromes, are more likely to exhibit behavioral and emotional problems. The child's sex may interact with maternal immune conditions to influence the outcome of ASD symptoms. While maternal immune disorders were associated with emotional and behavioral problems in children on the autism spectrum, there was no association with reduced cognitive function.