Eating a handful of dried goji berries five times a week may help delay or even prevent the onset of age-related macular degeneration. Over a 90 day period, those who ate goji berries had an increase in protective pigments in their eyes.
Fragile X syndrome patients with prematuration had a much earlier onset of neurological problems, including earlier symptoms of neurodegeneration. They also experienced emotional processing problems. Some of the most common emotional processing disorders reported were mood regulation, anxiety, and psychosis.
A new study challenges how we think about how humans acquired language. The study found no evidence that recent, human specific selection occurs for the FOXP2 gene in relation to language development
A new PNAS study reveals typically developing children experience neurogenesis in the amygdala as they become adults. However, for those with autism, the amygdala loses neurons as they age.
Study of pregnant mice found excess folic acid is detrimental to brain development in fetuses. Mice exposed in-utero to higher doses of folic acid had significant brain changes compared to those who were exposed to lower doses.
Oxytocin produced in the BNST increased stress-induced social anxiety behaviors in mice. The findings shed light on why oxytocin can sometimes provoke anti-social effects.
Study links diabetic ketoacidosis to lower IQ scores and worse memory in children with type 1 diabetes.
An enzyme in the colon lining releases hydrogen peroxide to help protect the body from gut microbes.
A distinct DNA methylation signature has been discovered in cord blood of children who are later diagnosed with autism. The findings could provide a new biomarker for early detection and intervention for ASD.
Researchers report that inducing mutation of the CHD8 gene, mice experience cognitive impairments and have increased brain volume. Both conditions are also seen in people with CHD8 mutations. The findings suggest CHD8 plays a role in brain function throughout life and could affect more that early brain development in people on the autism spectrum.