The researchers claim Taxol was effective in promoting regeneration of injured spinal cord nerve cells in rats following spinal cord lesions. Only a few weeks following the spinal cord lesions and Taxol application, rats showed significant improvement in movements.
The researchers knocked out the Erk gene during peripheral nervous system development in mice. The researchers noticed the neurons of these knock-out mice were largely unaffected, but Schwann cells were "just devastated at every stage of development."
New research on learning describes the interaction between acetlycholine receptors and SK channels and their involvement in learning and memory. These findings could lead to new research targeting acetylcholine and SK channels to help cognitive disorders such as Alzheimer's disease and schizophrenia as well as help understand learning and memory better.
Zif proteins have been found to control whether a brain stem cell differentiates into a neuron or renews as a brain stem cell. There are Zif related proteins in humans that may be targeted by new treatments for brain cancer and other diseases.
Computational neuroscience research provides new information on the N-type calcium channel and synaptic transmission. The computational neuroscience model investigated shows that a single open N-type calcium channel's current may be sufficient to enable neurotransmitter release.
Neuroscience research involving epileptic patients with brain electrodes surgically implanted in their medial temporal lobes shows that patients learned to consciously control individual neurons deep in the brain with thoughts.