A groundbreaking study from Karolinska Institute researchers reports astrocytes play a key tole in the respiratory center of the brain stem and assist with the regulation of breathing. The findings are significant as they could provide clues to the causes of respiratory diseases.
A new paper may help answer some questions as to why some infants die suddenly. Looking at blood samples from infants who had died of SIDS, researchers discover 31% of the children had elevated levels of serotonin. The researchers concluded that abnormal serotonin metabolism could indicate an underlying vulnerability that increases SIDS risk.
A new study reveals marijuana may be present in breast milk six days after exposure. Researchers report 63% of samples taken from mothers who used cannabis contained traces of THC up to six days after using the drug.
Researchers tie some cases of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) with a genetic mutation that causes an inability to process milk, leaving the child vulnerable to sudden heart failure. Future studies will explore if a drug called Elamipretide can help reduce cardiac events in children with the mutation.
Researchers will present a systematic review of scientific evidence for, and against causal associations for 47 proposed adverse events following immunizations at PAS 2019. The review found that, for 12 of the 47 AEFIs in the study, a causal relationship has been established with at least one vaccine. With the exception of deltoid bursitis, where a vaccine is administered incorrectly, causing pain to the arm, the adverse reactions are very rare. For the other 35 AEFis, the evidence does not support a causal relationship between conditions, such as ASD, asthma, diabetes, multiple sclerosis or SIDs, and vaccinations.
In utero exposure to nicotine could increase the risk of sudden infant death syndrome, researchers report. The findings raise concerns about both smoking and the use of nicotine replacement therapies during pregnancy.
It has been well known for a number of years that placing a baby to sleep on their stomachs increases the risk of SIDS. Researchers report a developmental abnormality more prevalent in premature and male babies, may contribute to SIDS risk, in conjunction to the sleep position.
Summary: Contrary to popular belief, researchers find no significant link between common speech disorders and the use of pacifiers or...
An opinion article reports on a potential common cause for both SIDS and SUDEP. The reason sudden death may occur is due to a person's inability to wake when CO2 levels in the blood rise, as a result of dysfunctional serotonin neurons in the midbrain.
A new study reports acute loss of normal activity in serotonin producing neurons blunts the body's ability to recover from interrupted breathing. Researchers say this could provide an explanation to why some infants die from SIDs, and could someday help with the development of therapies to prevent sudden infant death.
Researchers have confirmed previous findings linking abnormalities in serotonin to sudden death in infants. It is hoped the findings will help other researchers to develop biomarkers to identify infants at increased risk of SIDS.
Researchers have identified a mechanism that helps rouse the brains of mice suffering from simulated sleep apnea. The findings could help develop new treatments for people with obstructive sleep apnea and provide new insights into SIDS.