Researchers administered antibiotics to rats for two weeks, depleting their gut microbiome. They then administered oxycodone. Compared to rats given only the opioid, those given the antibiotics had profound changes in how their brains responded to the pain killers.
Microglia are essential for pruning away extra neural connections in the development of the auditory brainstem.
A deficiency of the SHANK3 gene, a gene associated with ASD, results in structural and functional deficits in the prefrontal cortex. The functional and structural alterations in the PFC were linked to an impairment in social interaction in male mice.
Binaural beats, a form of auditory illusion, caused far apart brain regions to synchronize with each other at a different frequency than the beat. The auditory illusion did not, however, alter mood.
Early birth prompted apoptosis to begin a day early, but delaying the birth did not alter when cell death began to occur. The study suggests birth time has an important and previously unrecognized effect on brain development.
Increased activity in the nucleus accumbens forecasted an increase in stock price within the next day, whereas increased activity in the anterior insular was predictive of whether a stock price would flip or change direction.
White lies that are selfish in nature elicit increased activity in both the ventral and rostral medial prefrontal cortex.
According to a new Journal of Neuroscience report, an underdeveloped brain network underlying inhibition after the age of 30 is associated with increased self reporting of psychological problems such as anxiety and depression.
A new neuroimaging study helps researchers predict the response people will have to public health campaigns. The study may help epidemiologists design campaigns to help change people's attitudes and behaviors.