Activity in the frontoparietal network during memory tasks reflected the individual working memory capabilities of children, with an activity pattern unique to working memory.
Teenage binge drinking is linked to altered gene expression in the brain, specifically the central nucleus of the amygdala. Adolescent rats exposed to alcohol had increased levels of miR-137, resulting in lower expression of proteins essential for healthy neuron growth. During adulthood, these rats displayed higher levels of anxiety and an increased preference for alcohol consumption.
Neurons created as a result of adult neurogenesis mature for longer and grow larger than those created during infancy. Findings suggest adult-born neurons may have a more powerful function than those created during infancy and may play a critical role in neuroplasticity.
Researchers report the greater conversational turn taking between adults and children, the stronger the connections are between the Wernicke's area and Broca's area in the child's brain.
A new study reveals premature babies may suffer from severe abnormalities of the thalamus, especially if they are born before 28 weeks gestation.
According to a new study to be published in eNeuro, amphetamine use may disrupt the development of the orbital prefrontal cortex, an area of the brain associated with decision making.
Researchers administered antibiotics to rats for two weeks, depleting their gut microbiome. They then administered oxycodone. Compared to rats given only the opioid, those given the antibiotics had profound changes in how their brains responded to the pain killers.