For people with arthritis, exercise reduces pain and lowers levels of inflammatory cytokines. Exercise also increases the production of natural endocannabinoids. Researchers found the way exercise promotes these changes was due to altered gut microbes.
Fenchol, a natural compound found in basil and other plans, appears to have a neuroprotective effect against Alzheimer's disease. Fenchol reduces the formation of zombie neural cells and increases the degradation of non-functional amyloid beta, allowing for quicker clearance of the protein from the brain.
Researchers have developed a probiotic 'cocktail' from gut bacteria found in infant feces. They say the 'cocktail' could help to increase the body's ability to produce short chain fatty acids. The probiotic could be used to help those suffering from cancers, autoimmune disorders, obesity, diabetes and other disorders which limit the ability of the body to produce SCFAs naturally.