Researchers have identified a blood biomarker that predicts the risk of suicide in patients with major depressive disorder. The biomarker also can help researchers understand the molecular changes in suicide victims.
mRNA decay may facilitate tau-induced damage to the brain and associated apoptosis that contributes to a range of neurodegenerative disorders. Researchers found the mechanism can be altered pharmacologically, providing a new target for the development of therapeutics to prevent or slow the progression of some neurodegenerative disorders.
A new study expands the understanding of how brain cells communicate. Researchers discovered reversing the modification of molecular messages at the synapse may contribute to reversible psychiatric disorders and early-stage neurodegenerative diseases.
Researchers have created an atlas representing changes in the levels of RNA made in different cell types in the ear following noise-induced hearing loss. They also discovered certain FDA-approved medications for diabetes and other disorders may protect against noise-related hearing loss.
Study sheds new light on the role noncoded RNAs play at the synapse.
COVID-19 may not directly infect the brain, but the virus is still capable of causing significant neurological damage, a new study reports. Researchers say the neurological changes seen as a result of coronavirus infection are likely related to inflammation triggered by viral infection in different parts of the body or the brain's blood vessels.
A new blood test can distinguish the severity of a person's depression and their risk for developing severe depression at a later point. The test can also determine if a person is at risk for developing bipolar disorder. Researchers say the blood test can also assist in tailoring individual options for therapeutic interventions.
Training neural circuits for tissue engineering at youthful stages generates a better response than training mature cells.
In both human cell and mouse models of Huntington's disease, RNA from mitochondria was misplaced within spiny projection neurons. The stray RNAs, which looked different to cells than RNA derived from the cell nucleus, trigger an immune reaction that can lead to striatal cell type vulnerability.