Mirtazapine, an antidepressant commonly prescribed to treat dementia-associated agitation, is no more effective than a placebo and may increase mortality risks, researchers report.
SSRI antidepressants, such as Prozac and Paxil, interact with opioid medications to make them less effective at providing relief from chronic pain. Tramadol relies on activation of the CYP2D6 enzyme to control pain, but SSRIs inhibit this enzyme. Researchers suggest prescribing different classes of antidepressants which do not suppress the enzyme may benefit those in need of opioid medications. Alternatively, non-opioid pain killers should be considered for those who can not switch from SSRIs.
Medications with anticholinergic properties given to help reduce physical and mental health symptoms associated with schizophrenia have a cumulative effect in reducing cognitive function in patients.
Numerous recent studies claim psychedelics, such as psilocybin, can help treat a range of mental health problems from depression to PTSD. Researchers investigate how psychedelics can help us become more "nature-connected" and increase a sense of environmental responsibility.
The SSRI sertraline (Zoloft), if taken while pregnant, can result in birth defects caused by the drug damaging a cell's genetic information. Researchers report one potential way to counter the effect is with specific antioxidants.
Researchers explain why the serotonin hypothesis for depression may not be as accurate as previously believed.
Gene therapy shows promise for future treatment of addiction in humans, a new study reports.
Researchers report diet and weight may hinder the response to medications for some with bipolar disorder. The study found those who had a better quality of diet and lower BMI responded better to treatments than those who were overweight and ate foods that promoted inflammation.