Brain connectivity at birth may impact emotional processing and social development later in childhood, especially in children born preterm. Researchers found children born preterm with a weaker uncinate fasciculus, the white-matter tract that connects brain regions associated with emotional processing, were more likely to interpret situations in a negative light.
Preterm birth was associated with a profound reduction in connectivity between multiple brain regions and with the reconfiguration of the organization of functional brain networks.
Average IQ was significantly lower for adults who were born with either a very low birth weight or born very prematurely, a new study reports.
Using exercise programs that help boost motor skills can help reduce problems with impulse control and aid cognitive development in children born preterm.
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Stress and depression during pregnancy can affect the fetus' sex and increase the risk of preterm birth. Mothers who experienced physical and psychological stress during pregnancy were less likely to have a baby boy. During pregnancy, the fetuses of stressed mothers had reduced heart rate movement coupling, indicating slower central nervous system development.
A new study reports the brains of baby boys born prematurely are affected differently and more severely than premature females.
Preterm birth has significant and selective effects on functional networks in the frontal lobe, researchers report.
It has been well known for a number of years that placing a baby to sleep on their stomachs increases the risk of SIDS. Researchers report a developmental abnormality more prevalent in premature and male babies, may contribute to SIDS risk, in conjunction to the sleep position.
Researchers report motor problems associated with preterm birth could be due to defects in peripheral nerves.
A new study reports Sirt1 can help glial cells to regenerate from progenitor cells in preterm babies with hypoxia related injuries.
A new study reports children born prematurely show less interest in other people compared to babies born full-term.
A new study reports preterm babies could be at increased risk of psychological and neurological problems due to weakened connections in certain brain networks linked to emotion, attention and communication.