How do we make decisions during times when we are uncertain? A new study may have clues. Researchers identified a specific set of neurons that prevent the brain from using unreliable information when faced with decision-making.
Cortical thinning over time was associated with bipolar patients who experienced more manic episodes. The changes were most evident in the prefrontal cortex, an area of the brain associated with emotional control and executive function.
Repeatedly listening to personally meaningful music induced brain plasticity and improved cognitive function for patients with mild cognitive impairment and early-stage Alzheimer's disease.
Using transcranial magnetic stimulation to suppress excitability in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex enhanced prosocial behaviors.
Findings shed light on repulsion, or why the brain treats similar environments as though they are more different than a pair of environments that have nothing in common.
Researchers have identified a neural mechanism that supports advanced cognitive functions such as planning and problem-solving. The mechanism distributes information from a single neuron to larger neural populations in the prefrontal cortex.
Researchers found alterations in different parts of the brain in males and females with severe depression. The findings also reveal a specific biomarker for depression in blood samples of women.
Family members of people with borderline personality disorder share similarities in brain structure and personality traits as those diagnosed with the personality disorder. Findings may point toward a hereditary component to personality disorders.
Researchers measured how brain waves travel in the prefrontal cortex during working memory tasks.
Neurexin1 deletion impacts insulin signaling and glucose metabolism in the prefrontal cortex. Researchers say increasing insulin signaling may be an effective therapeutic strategy for the treatment of ASD.
Communication between the medial temporal lobe and prefrontal cortex determines how our experiences become memories. As the brain areas mature, the precise way they interact allows for the better formation of long-term memory.