A new study reports the ability to delay gratification is linked to white matter connectivity between the caudate and dorsal prefrontal cortex.
Postmortem brains of those with schizophrenia have fewer genes associated with 12-hour activity cycles in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. Mitochondrial-related genes in the dlPFC did maintain a 12-hour rhythm, but their activity did not peak at normal times.
Cortical thinning over time was associated with bipolar patients who experienced more manic episodes. The changes were most evident in the prefrontal cortex, an area of the brain associated with emotional control and executive function.
According to a new study, children who have been maltreated have a surprising ability to regulate their emotions.
Researchers report adolescent cannabis use alters the structural development of the prefrontal cortex, an area of the brain that helps control higher cognitive functions.
The HDAC9 enzyme appears to play a critical role in learning and neural communication. Decreased expression of HDAC9 in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex has been noted in patients with Alzheimer's disease. Researchers say HDAC9 may be a regulator of synaptic plasticity.
Neuroimaging study sheds light on what drove the evolutionary development of human creativity.
Alcohol consumption affects amygdala oscillations differently in male and female mice, especially after repeated exposure.
Contrary to popular belief that brain changes begin to normalize immediately after ceasing alcohol consumption, a new study reveals damage to the brain continues during the first weeks of abstinence.
Researchers report the neural code of the prefrontal cortex is more efficient than the amygdala in both humans and primates. The lower resistance of the amygdala to errors in humans may play a role in exaggerated survival responses, such as those seen in anxiety and PTSD.
Neuroimaging reveals lower activation in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and angular gyrus in teenage girls with conduct disorder. Findings suggest that a reduction in prefrontal brain regions and functional connectivity during effortful emotional regulations contribute to behaviors associated with antisocial behavior in teenage girls.