Findings suggest prediction may be a general feature of animal nervous systems in supporting quick behavioral changes.
The anterior cingulate cortex plays a key role in how the brain can simulate the results of different actions and make the best decisions.
Researchers report the brain is not only able to anticipate the conclusion of sentences, it can also anticipate an auditory stimulus and determine the phonemes or specific words a speaker is going to pronounce.
Exposing subjects to music composed in an unfamiliar scale, researchers test whether reward can be derived solely from newly formed predictions.
Increased activity in the nucleus accumbens forecasted an increase in stock price within the next day, whereas increased activity in the anterior insular was predictive of whether a stock price would flip or change direction.
When intense feelings of prediction accompanied deja vu, they were strongly correlated with feelings of postdiction. High degrees of familiarity that accompany deja vu also carry through to postdictive bias.
Study provides empirical evidence to show the brain's predictive ability forms the basis for musical phrasing.
The brain constantly acts as a prediction machine, continuously comparing sensory information with internal predictions.