Maternal exposure to air pollution during mid-to-late pregnancy was associated with lower scores on tests of cognition, language, and motor skills in children at the age of two.
Assessing a child's exposure to air pollution on a monthly basis from conception to the age of 8.5, researchers found the greater the exposure to air pollution before the age of 5, the greater the alteration in brain structure by preadolescence.
Exposure to air pollution within the first 6 months of life alters a child's microbiome, increasing the risk for allergies, diabetes, obesity, and influencing brain development.
Exposure to chemicals such as melamine, cyanuric acid, and aromatic amines from household products, hair dyes, and pesticides can cause cancer and lead to child developmental issues, researchers report. The study found the majority of pregnant women have levels of the toxic chemicals in urine samples.
DDT exposure causes sodium channels to remain open, leading to increased neural firing and an increased release of amyloid beta peptide. Blocking the channels with tetrodotoxin reduces the toxic amyloid protein by increasing the production of the amyloid precursor protein.
Modern pesticides damage the nervous system of honeybees, making it difficult for them to fly in a straight line. The impaired optomotor response lowers the ability of affected bees to forage and pollinate flowers.
Air pollution along with housing insecurity and stress during pregnancy leads to an increased risk of autism-like social behaviors and differences in neural anatomy in male mice offspring. Researchers believe the changes could be due to the immune system.
People who exercise in areas with high air pollution levels show less benefit from their physical activity when it comes to markers for certain brain diseases.
Changes in human sex ratio at birth are associated with the presence of air and water pollution, a new study reports.
An increase of 10 micrograms per cubic meter of PM10 air pollution on examination days reduced students' test scores by 8% on average, a new study reports.
A small increase in fine particular air pollution over a decade within certain areas of Seattle was associated with significantly increased dementia risks for those living in the areas.
Previous studies have linked air pollution to an increased risk of Alzheimer's disease and a number of other disorders. Researchers report reducing air pollution significantly decreases dementia risk and slows cognitive decline in older women.