Poor air quality has been linked to higher rates of bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder. Exposure to air pollution during the first ten years of like is also associated with a more than two-fold increased risk of schizophrenia and personality disorders.
Valproic acid (VPA), an anti-convulsant medication, can cause birth defects when taken during pregnancy. Researchers identified a molecule called p19Arf that appears to be responsible for VPA's induced senescence in neuroepithelial cells. When exposed to VPA, mice lacking p19Arf did not experience gene expression alterations associated with ASD.
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Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) applied to the left prefrontal cortex can improve episodic memory performance by reducing the power of low frequency of brain waves during memory formation.
Using data from Twitter, researchers were able to determine specific events and locations within cities that were associated with different emotions. Train stations and transportation sites were associated with less joy and more disgust, while hotels and restaurants were linked to a greater expression of joy.
A study of twins reveals a love of nature appears to be, at least in part, heritable.
Rodent study reveals noise-induced hearing loss is associated with elevated expression of proinflammatory cytokines and microglia activation in the primary auditory cortex. Pharmacologically depleting microglia helps prevent tinnitus in mice with noise-induced hearing loss.
A new study of gene expression in the hippocampus has unveiled two new genes potentially implicated in Alzheimer's disease.
According to a new study, virtual reality may be a useful tool for encouraging empathy and positive attitudes towards marginalized groups.
People stop gathering information earlier when it supports the conclusion they wish is true than when it supports an undesirable conclusion.
Targeting and reducing the methylation of a key mRNA promoted the migration of macrophages in the brain and can improve cognitive symptoms of Alzheimer's disease.
Postmortem brains of those with schizophrenia have fewer genes associated with 12-hour activity cycles in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. Mitochondrial-related genes in the dlPFC did maintain a 12-hour rhythm, but their activity did not peak at normal times.
A new study uses retinal prosthetics to assess the brain's ability to process visual information years after blindness occurs.