Following a breakup, women are more likely to experience feeling a short-term decline in their sense of control than men. People who lost a loved one to death experience an overall increase in perceived control during the first year post-loss.
People given the impression they had control over the music they heard experienced more pain relief than those who felt as though they had no control over their music exposure.
Proactively avoiding an association that triggers an unwanted thought or memory is more effective than reactive control is more effective when trying to prevent repetitive looping of unwanted thoughts.
Consuming seven or more units of alcohol per week is associated with increased iron levels in the brain. Higher levels of iron in the brain is linked to increased risk of neurodegenerative disorders and alcohol-related cognitive decline.
People who are more determined, or express more "grit" have different patterns of cognitive performance, researchers say. However, having more grit does not necessarily translate into having better cognitive performance.
Valproic acid (VPA), an anti-convulsant medication, can cause birth defects when taken during pregnancy. Researchers identified a molecule called p19Arf that appears to be responsible for VPA's induced senescence in neuroepithelial cells. When exposed to VPA, mice lacking p19Arf did not experience gene expression alterations associated with ASD.
Children who participate in team sports have better mental health outcomes than those who play individual sports or take part in no sports at all. Those who play individual sports have worse mental health outcomes than those who do not play sports.
Maternal biological rhythms support the development of the fetal suprachiasmatic nuclei.
A combination of personality traits and childhood circumstances account for why some older people experience loneliness more than others. Lonely adults over 50 were 1.24 times more likely to have rarely, or never, had comfortable friendships during childhood, and 1.34 times more likely to have had poor relationships with their mothers as children.