Chromosome 16p11.2 duplication impacts several different inhibitory neuron types that use GABA in brain areas that are dysfunctional in schizophrenia, including the prefrontal cortex, hippocampus, and amygdala. The chromosome 16p11.2 duplication also resulted in cognitive and social deficits that are symptomatic of schizophrenia.
Study identifies neurons in command of guiding adaptive behaviors.
Neurons in the orbitofrontal cortex play a critical role in encoding subjective values. Activation of these neurons leads directly to the choice of one option over another.
Researchers report people who participated in mindful meditation received more pain relief than those who used placebo meditation techniques and creams.
Researchers have identified a correlation between brain stem volume and aggressive behavior in children with autism. Smaller brain stems appear to be associated with an increased likelihood of aggression.
A new study reveals specific brain regions that individually promote patience through the action of serotonin.
A new study reports the average person is usually adverse to lying.
According to a new study, optimistic people tend to be less anxious and have a larger orbitofrontal cortex.
Shorter sleep duration can increase the risk of children developing depression, anxiety, and cognitive problems. Children who routinely suffered sleep disruptions or shorter sleep durations had reduced brain volume in the orbitofrontal cortex, prefrontal cortex, precuneus, supramarginal gyrus, and temporal cortex.
A new study reveals the piriform cortex is able to archive long term memory, but requires instruction from the orbiotfrontal cortex to indicate the event is to be stored as a long-term memory.