Increased ceramide levels in the brain may be a unique feature of all types of Lewy body dementias, including LBD associated with Parkinson's disease.
Increased connectivity between the auditory cortex and motor control areas related to the mouth, face, and throat, could be a key feature in identifying misophonia, a condition marked by extreme reactions to "trigger sounds", such as other people chewing.
The evolutionary development for both human and primate brains may have been similar for communication and memory.
Researchers propose an alternative mechanism to explain the link between hearing loss and dementia. The study sheds light on the role of the medial temporal lobe in auditory cognition.
Studying auditory regions and brain pathways in humans, apes, and monkeys, researchers have identified a language pathway that interconnects the auditory cortex with frontal lobe regions. The language pathway in other primates suggests an evolutionary basis in auditory cognition and vocal communication.
A new, freely available computer platform creates a 3D model that brings together the macroscopic scale of tissue with the microscopic scale of individual cells. This allows the platform to realistically model brain cancer's mechanobiology while maintaining resolution power.
People with two common types of dementia, Lewy body dementia, and Alzheimer's disease, have unique walking patterns. The gait type signals subtle differences between the two disorders. Those with Lew body dementia change their steps more, varying the step time and length. They also display more asymmetry in movement compared to those with Alzheimer's disease. Researchers say gait could be a clinical biomarker for dementia subtypes.
Researchers have identified neurons in the brains of praying mantises that are able to compute 3D direction and distance. The findings may help to develop better technology for machine and robotic vision.
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Researchers report children on the autism spectrum who experience specific phobias may benefit from immersive virtual reality therapy. The study reports immersive VR helped almost 45% of children with ASD remain free from their phobias six months after treatment.
According to researchers, reading with your preschool aged children can boost their language development by up to eight months. Receptive language skills are positively enhanced when a child reads along with a carer, the study reports.
According to researchers, vision and brain circuits perform regular background scans, making neurons available for focus based tasks. The process makes it possible for us to pay, and maintain, attention.