Researchers have developed a new, non-invasive method to remove dysfunctional brain circuitry and surgically treat neurological conditions. The technique, called PING, uses focused ultrasound combined with microbubbles to penetrate the blood-brain barrier and deliver neurotoxins targeted at the problematic brain area.
Researchers have developed a new, flexible and steerable catheter that allows surgeons to guide the device in any direction while traversing the brain's arteries and blood vessels.
Performing in utero surgery on babies to repair spina bifida related defects between 23 and 26 weeks of gestation triggered the restoration of normal brain structure.
A novel surgical technique that connects functioning nerves with injured nerves helps restore function to paralyzed muscles. Following surgery, 13 young adults with tetraplegia now have restored hand and elbow function, allowing them to feed themselves, hold a drink and write.
Following surgery, the brains of children with epilepsy are able to remap and compensate for damaged areas of the visual cortex. The findings shed light on brain plasticity.
Functional connectivity problems associated with temporal lobe epilepsy appear to improve after surgery.
A synthetic, non-toxic form of scorpion venom helps illuminate brain tumors when stimulated by a near-infrared laser. A clinical trial of the agent showed it to be safe for use in brain cancer patients.
Researchers report they have identified biomarkers of Alzheimer's disease in spinal fluid samples of a significant number of older patients hospitalized as a result of hip fractures. The study suggests neural alterations that lead to poor balance in older people may signify an increased risk of falls that result in hip fractures, and Alzheimer's disease. Researchers suggest the hip fracture, therefore, may serve as an early sign of Alzheimer's in older patients.
Stimulating the cingulum bundle during neurosurgery where people are awake results in immediate laughter, followed by a sense of calm and happiness in patients, a new study reports.