Rats fed either a diet of soft or hard foods showed differences in jaw activity and muscle control when a chewing-related region of the brain was stimulated. Findings reveal the anterior cortical masticatory area strongly influences the regulation of chewing and is influenced by sensory input during development.
The apical intercalated cell cluster (apITC), a specialized portion of inhibitory circuitry in the amygdala, has rich connectivity and plays a unique role in modulating synaptic plasticity.
Patients with Corpus Callosum Dysgenesis (CCD), a genetic condition marked by incomplete development of the connecting structures between the brain hemispheres, have distinct reconfiguration of their neural connections, researchers report.
PsychLight, a newly developed genetically encoded fluorescent sensor, helped researchers identify a psychedelic compound that acts on beneficial neural pathways to treat psychiatric disorders without the hallucinogenic effect.
Study sheds new light on the role noncoded RNAs play at the synapse.
Astrocytes help transition the brain from a highly plastic state to one that is more stable.
Some neurons have the ability to detect and compensate for neighboring neurons, while others do not. The findings shed new light on synaptic plasticity.