Findings reveal how individual neurons in the thalamus can merge signals coming from different regions of the cortex. The findings could lead to new treatment options for schizophrenia, epilepsy, and other brain disorders where thalamus dysfunction is related to clinical symptoms.
Researchers have identified a novel population of neurons in the temporal pole that links facial perception to long-term memory.
Specific hippocampal neurons may be involved in time-related memory encoding. Findings reveal the human brain contains time-tracking neurons.
A new deep learning algorithm is superior to human experts in distinguishing between retinal ganglion cells in healthy patients and in those with glaucoma. The AI system could potentially help improve the diagnosis of both eye and brain diseases.
At the site of injury, nerves release a protein called CXCL12 which attracts growing nerve fibers and keeps them trapped in place. This prevents the nerve fibers from growing in the correct direction to bridge the injury site.
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Researchers have identified functional features that make human neurons unique.
Researchers have implicated alterations in the balance of two chloride ion channels in the cognitive deficits associated with schizophrenia. Inhibiting transporter activity with bumetanide reversed some of the cognitive symptoms in mouse models of the psychiatric disorder.
PsychLight, a newly developed genetically encoded fluorescent sensor, helped researchers identify a psychedelic compound that acts on beneficial neural pathways to treat psychiatric disorders without the hallucinogenic effect.