In patients with ALS, astrocytes within the brain become pro-inflammatory and tend to lose their protective function, resulting in changes in the ability to uptake glutamate.
Researchers have identified a causal link between strenuous exercise and ALS in people with genetic risk factors for the neurodegenerative disease. The study reports intense physical exercise contributes to motor neuron injury in those susceptible to ALS.
An examination of brainstems from children and young adults constantly exposed to air pollution reveals markers of Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and motor neuron disease. Findings suggest air pollution poses risks of serious neurological damage from an early age.
A new study reports those with ADHD are at an increased risk of developing Parkinson's disease. The study reveals people with ADHD are twice as likely to develop early onset Parkinson's between the ages of 21-66. Additionally, those who are prescribed stimulant medications to help reduce ADHD symptoms, including Ritalin and Adderal, are at a 6-8 times increased risk of developing Parkinson's.
Researchers believe a newly discovered mechanism may contribute to cell death in people suffering from ALS and dementia.