Maternal obesity is associated with differences in breast milk composition from that of mothers with a lower BMI. The variations of the metabolites may contribute to a higher risk of childhood obesity in children whose mothers are overweight. The findings point to a potential breast milk dependent mechanism for the mother-child transmission of obesity.
A drug usually used for the treatment of multiple sclerosis appears to increase the activity of Nrf2, a protein that protects the body from oxidative stress and inflammation associated with Parkinson's disease.
A new vaccine blocks the effects of heroin by preventing the drug from crossing the blood-brain barrier. Researchers believe the vaccine could be helpful in curbing the opioid epidemic.
Researchers have identified causal genetic links to three blood metabolite levels that increase migraine risks.
Preterm babies who were fed breastmilk had significantly higher levels of creatine and choline, key metabolites for brain growth and development, than those who were formula fed.
Antidepressants, such as the SSRI amitriptyline, antibiotics associated with developmental problems and sun cream components are contaminating water, and are being accumulated in fish. Exposure to the medications has effects on the molecular level to the fish. Researchers say this poses a problem as consumption of gilt-head bream is on the rise, and there could be a risk of the contaminants reaching humans via diet.
Researchers reveal a surprising association between nicotine addiction and gut bacteria. Gender smoking patterns and the effect nicotine has on a person may be a result of how the gut-brain relationship is impacted by nicotine.