A woman with bilateral damage relatively restricted to the amygdala is the subject of a case study reported today. SM, as she will be known to the public, seems able to experience emotions such as happiness and sadness normally, but shows no signs of fear.
Fragile X Tremor Ataxia Syndrome (FXTAS) research shows that inhibiting histone acetylation could help control expression of toxic mRNA. FXTAS symptoms are mainly caused by overproduction of toxic mRNA, making this research very important for researchers working with FXTAS.
The world's first basic research institute for childhood neurological diseases opened in Houston, Texas and is part of the Texas Children's Hospital. Some of the research the new research insitute will focus on includes childhood neurological diseases such as autism, epilepsy, Rett syndrome, cerebral palsy, ataxias and Batten disease. More details about the new institute are provided in the press release below.
The removal of beta-amyloid is not efficient in late-onset Alzheimer's disease sufferers. These new findings could help produce better early diagnostic tests and therapies for Alzheimer's disease and related research.
University of Bristol researchers have prevented a major breathing complication of Rett syndrome. Patients with Rett syndrome sometimes experience abnormal breathing, breath holding and other breathing problems that can lead to asphyxiation, brain damage and even be fatal. This new research show that by increasing aminobutyric acid and stimulating specific serotonin receptors in the brain, life threatening symptoms of breath arrests were abolished.
Brain imaging studies of women with breast cancer before and after chemotherapy treatments show grey matter is being affected during the chemotherapy treatments. Brain areas believed to be critical for multi-tasking, memory and other cognitive functions were seen to change during the chemotherapy.
This research shows that the loss of connections in the corpus collosum could be partly responsible for slower response times seen in older animals and humans due to too much crosstalk and confusion between the brain hemispheres.