Using optogenetics, researchers manipulated pulses of neural activity during non REM sleep that made mice either remember of forget things they had learned. This novel study demonstrated that altering sleep spindle oscillations during sleep has an impact on memory formation and retention.
PTPδ, a synaptic adhesion molecule, regulates synaptic development and sleep behavior in mouse models.
A newly developed system dubbed Opto-vTrap can temporarily trap vesicles from being released from brain cells.
NYX-783, a newly discovered drug, helps modulate NMDA receptor function in neurons. The drug appears to be effective at suppressing the return of PTSD symptoms in rodent models.