Galanin expressing neurons are selectively active during rebound sleep. The expression of galanin increases after neuronal activity and sleep deprivation. The neuropeptide plays a critical role in sleep homeostasis.
Exercise increases levels of galanin in the brain stem, making mice more resilient to stress.
Natural, restorative sleep can help stave off mental and physical decline as we age.
Genomic analysis reveals some of the neurogenomic dynamics closely resemble changes associated with pregnancy and reproduction in mammalian mothers.
Classical music exposure paired with ibuprofen reduced response to inflammation pain by 93%, compared to exposure to the medication alone in mouse models of pain. For those exposed to just music, researchers report a 77% reduction in surgical pain.
New studies reveal how gender differences affect the brain and health.