A new study reveals the role the claustrum plays in cocaine addiction. Inhibiting claustral neurons prevented behavioral responses to cocaine in mouse models of addiction.
Early-life exposure to antibiotics may impact brain signaling pathways associated with social behavior and pain regulation. Young mice treated with antibiotics had reduced expression of receptors that mediate endorphin, oxytocin, and vasopressin signaling in the frontal cortex.
Combining neuroimaging data with artificial intelligence technology, researchers have identified a complex network within the brain that comprehends the meaning of spoken sentences.
Study reveals a surprising level of similarity in brain structure and development between humans and other primates.
People show a decrease in motivation to exert effort or work when feeling fatigued. Motivation can be restored if people are allowed a short rest, however for those with long-term fatigue, motivation does not improve following a short-term period of rest.
Recurrent neural networks within the human frontal cortex may be responsible for decision making, language, and movement, researchers report.
While adults build integrated memories based on existing inferences, children can separate memories they later compare to make inferences as they go.
Researchers identified an abnormal link between the autonomic and central nervous system via communication between the heart and parts of the prefrontal cortex in women with generalized anxiety disorder.