Cortisol administration after exposure has no beneficial effects for patients suffering from phobias or anxiety disorders. Arachnophobics who received cortisol following exposure were more likely to relapse when they encountered spiders in a different context.
Researchers report the effect of exposure therapy can be improved by disrupting the recreation of fear memories in arachnophobes.
Researchers report people from OCD can benefit significantly from adding exposure and response prevention therapy when common drug treatments fail.
In order to recover from phobias, researchers suggest people must alter memory driven negative attitudes about their feared object.